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Data Source: 2011 Census, Office for National Statistics
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The compare tool allows you to compare two areas data across four topics.
The first thing you need to do is pick an area type. There are four different types of geographies you can pick from.
Once you've chosen a geography type you can pick the actual area you want to compare.
Depending on the area type you chose in step 1, you can find the area you are interested in by searching for an address or by picking one of the options in the drop down list. If you chose Census Area you can only find the area you want by searching for an address first. For Towns you can only pick one of the options from the list. For parishes and wards you can use either method.
Simply repeat the above process to find the area you want to compare your first area against. You can compare census areas to towns, parishes to wards, or whatever you want, it's up to you!
The last step is to pick the topic you are interested in. This will only be available once you've chosen both areas you want to compare. Just click on the topic you are interested in and we'll grab the data and present it to you.
If you find a problem with the application or any of the data, please let us know so we can fix it. Just send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org or use the contact form at the top of the page.
These are countries that became members of the EU between April 2001 and March 2011 as part of the EU enlargement process.
The average number of bedrooms per household for any area is equal to the total number of bedrooms in households in the area divided by the number of households in the area.Back to top
A bedroom is defined as any room that was intended to be used as a bedroom when the property was built, or any room that has been permanently converted for use as a bedroom. It also includes all rooms intended for use as a bedroom even if not being used as a bedroom at the time of the Census.
Bedsits and studio flats are counted as having one bedroom.
BME is the abbreviation for the Black and Minority Ethnic Population as defined by the Race Relations (Amendment) Act 2000. Under this definition the Black and Minority Ethnic Population comprises all ethnic groups with the exception of the White British ethnic category of the White ethnic group.Back to top
A household’s accommodation is classified as having central heating if it is present in some or all rooms (whether used or not). Central heating is classified by type, for example one or more of the types - gas, electric (including storage heaters), oil, solid fuel (for example wood or coal) or other types (including solar, Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) or other bottled gas).
This information is not available for household spaces with no usual residents.
Two people are described as cohabiting if they are living together as a couple but are not married to each other or in a registered same-sex civil partnership together. This includes people living with a partner of the same sex.
A cohabiting person might be married or in a civil partnership (with someone not resident in the household) but will not be shown as married, in a civil partnership or separated in results relating to living arrangements because cohabiting in this classification takes priority over legal marital or partnership status.
A cohabiting couple household is a household that comprises a cohabiting couple family and no other person.
A cohabiting couple family consists of two people of any sex who are living together as a couple, with or without their child(ren), but who are not married or in a same-sex civil partnership. Child(ren) included in the cohabiting couple family may belong to both members of the couple or only one. Children are included in the family only if they are not themselves living with a spouse, same-sex civil partner or partner and do not have any children of their own in the household.
Cohabiting couples with their grandchild(ren) are also considered a cohabiting couple family if there are no children from the intervening generation present in the household(note that children of the couple may also be present if they are not parents or grandparents of the youngest generation).
A communal establishment resident is a person whose place of usual residence is in managed residential accommodation. This means any person who was living, or expected to live in a communal establishment for six months or more. Individuals resident in a communal establishment for less than six months are included as resident at their home address.
A person normally resident at the establishment who was absent on census day is still classified as a resident of the establishment, and also counted as a visitor to the address they were staying on census day.
Any person usually resident in the UK who was visiting the establishment on census day and did not have a usual address elsewhere is also classified as a resident of the communal establishment (regardless of how long they stayed or intended to stay there). Any person from outside the UK who intended to stay in the UK for three months or more in total, and who did not have another address at which they usually lived in the UK, is also classified as a resident of the establishment. If they intended to stay in the UK for less than three months in total they are counted as a visitor to the establishment.
A communal establishment is an establishment providing managed residential accommodation. ‘Managed’ in this context means full-time or part-time supervision of the accommodation. Types of communal establishment include:
Country of birth is the country in which a person was born. The country of birth question included six tick box responses - one for each of the four parts of the UK, one for the Republic of Ireland, and one for 'Elsewhere'. Where a person ticked 'Elsewhere', they were asked to write in the current name of the country in which they were born. Responses are assigned codes based on the National Statistics Country Classification.
The grouping of countries within the classification is broadly regional, but takes into account the grouping of European Union (EU) countries. Countries in the EU are grouped into those that were EU members in March 2001, and those that became members (Accession countries) between April 2001 and March 2011 as part of the EU enlargement process.Back to top
A dependent child is any person aged 0 to 15 in a household (whether or not in a family) or a person aged 16 to 18 in full-time education and living in a family with his or her parent(s) or grandparent(s). It does not include any people aged 16 to 18 who have a spouse, partner or child living in the household.Back to top
Economic activity relates to whether or not a person who was aged 16 to 74 was working or looking for work in the week before census. Rather than a simple indicator of whether or not someone was currently in employment, it provides a measure of whether or not a person was an active participant in the labour market.
A person's economic activity is derived from their 'Activity last week'. This is an indicator of their status or availability for employment - whether employed, actively looking for work, waiting to start a new job, available to start a new job, or their status if not employed or not seeking employment. Additional information included in the economic activity classification is also derived from information about the number of hours a person works and their type of employment - whether employed or self-employed.
The census concept of economic activity is compatible with the standard for economic status defined by the International Labour Organisation (ILO). It is one of a number of definitions used internationally to produce accurate and comparable statistics on employment, unemployment and economic status.
A person aged 16 to 74 is described as economically active if, in the week before the census, they were:
Full-time students who fulfil any of these criteria are classified as economically active and are counted separately in the 'Full-time student' category of economically active - they are not included in any of the other categories such as employees or unemployed.
A person aged 16 to 74 is described as economically inactive if, in the week before the census, they were not in employment but did not meet the criteria to be classified as ‘Unemployed'. This includes a person looking for work but not available to start work within two weeks, as well as anyone not looking for work, or unable to work - for example retired, looking after home/family, permanently sick or disabled.
Students who fulfil any of these criteria are also classified as economically inactive. This does not necessarily mean they were in full-time education and excludes students who were working or in some other way economically active.
Economically inactive 'Other' includes people aged 16 to 74 who were not in employment and did not meet the criteria to be classified as unemployed for reasons other than being retired, a student, looking after home or family or being permanently sick or disabled.
A person aged 16 to 74 is defined as employed (or in employment) if in the week before the census they carried out at least one hour's paid work, either as an employee or self-employed.
This includes casual or temporary work, on a government-sponsored training scheme, doing paid or unpaid work for their own or family business, being away from work ill, on maternity leave, or on holiday or temporarily laid off.
An employee is a person aged 16 to 74 in employment doing paid work for an individual or organisation.
This relates to a person’s main job or, if not working at the time of the census, their last main job.
Ethnic group classifies people according to their own perceived ethnic group and cultural background.
Ethnic national identity classifies a person according to the combination of the responses given to the questions asking them about their own perceived ethnic group or cultural background, and their national identity.
The ethnic national identity classification categorises a person using the same basic categories as the ethnic group classification, but with additional detail provided for a person who indicated an English/Welsh/Scottish/Northern Irish ethnic group, who are further sub-categorised by the national identity categories:
A full-time student is a person of any age who has indicated that they are a schoolchild or student in full-time education. Schoolchildren and students in full-time education studying away from their family home are treated as usually resident at their term-time address.
Full-time working is defined as working 31 hours or more per week. This applies to the number of hours a person aged 16 to 74 in employment in the week before the census worked in their main job, and includes paid and unpaid overtime.Back to top
General health is a self-assessment of a person’s general state of health. People were asked to assess whether their health was very good, good, fair, bad or very bad. This assessment is not based on a person's health over any specified period of time.Back to top
The highest level of qualification is derived from the question asking people to indicate all types of qualifications held. People were also asked if they held foreign qualifications and to indicate the closest equivalent.
There were 12 response options (plus ‘no qualifications’) covering professional and vocational qualifications, and a range of academic qualifications. These are combined into:
The number of hours that a person, aged 16 to 74 in employment in the week before the census, worked in their main job. This includes paid and unpaid overtime.
A household is defined as:
A household must contain at least one person whose place of usual residence is at the address. A group of short-term residents living together is not classified as a household, and neither is a group of people at an address where only visitors are staying.
Household composition classifies households according to the relationships between the household members. Households consisting of one family and no other usual residents are classified according to the type of family (married, same-sex civil partnership or cohabiting couple family, or lone parent family) and the number of dependent children. Other households are classified by the number of people, the number of dependent children, or whether the household consists only of students or only of people aged 65 and over.
This definition is used in most results from the 2011 Census. In a small number of results an alternative classification is used that defines households by the age of the household members. It takes no account of the relationships between them. In results where this different definition is used it is clearly indicated.
A household resident is a person whose place of usual residence is in an individual household, and not within managed residential accommodation in a communal establishment.
The size of a household is equal to the number of usual residents in the household. Visitors staying at an address do not contribute to that household’s size because they are counted in the household of their place of usual residence.
Household size is only applicable to household spaces with at least one usual resident.
A household space is the accommodation used or available for use by an individual household. Household spaces are identified separately in census results as those with at least one usual resident, and those that do not have any usual residents.
A household space with no usual residents may still be used by short-term residents, visitors who were present on census night, or a combination of short-term residents and visitors.
Vacant household spaces and household spaces that are used as second addresses are also classified in census results as household spaces with no usual residents.
A household space is the accommodation used or available for use by an individual household.
A household space with no usual residents is not the same as a vacant household space because it may be a second home or holiday accommodation, or may otherwise have had visitors present on census night.
Household type classifies households in an alternative way to the household composition classification that is used in most standard census results.
A household is classified by the type of family present, but households with more than one family are categorised in the priority order:
Within a family type a family with dependent children takes priority. This means that in tables that use this classification the alternative definitions of married couple household, same-sex civil partnership couple household, cohabiting couple household and lone parent household are applicable.Back to top
A lone-parent family consists of a father or mother with his or her child(ren) where the parent does not have a spouse, same-sex civil partner or partner in the household, and the child(ren) do not have a spouse, same-sex civil partner or child in the household. A lone grandparent with his or her grandchild(ren) are also considered a lone-parent family if there are no children in the intervening generation present in the household (note that children of the grandparent may also be present if they are not parents or grandparents of the youngest generation).
A lone-parent household is a household that comprises a lone-parent family and no other person.
A long-term health problem or disability that limits a person's day-to-day activities, and has lasted, or is expected to last, at least 12 months. This includes problems that are related to old age. People were asked to assess whether their daily activities were limited a lot or a little by such a health problem, or whether their daily activities were not limited at all.
A person is defined as long-term unemployed at the time of the 2011 Census if they were unemployed and the year they last worked was 2009 or earlier.Back to top
Marital and civil partnership status classifies an individual according to their legal marital or registered same-sex civil partnership status as at census day, 27 March 2011.
Marital and civil partnership states include:
Although the term 'single' is widely used to cover people in a number of states such as divorced or separated it is not a legally recognised status and was not an option on the census questionnaire. In census results the term 'single' is used to refer only to someone who has never been married or in a registered same-sex civil partnership, which were options on the census questionnaire.
A married-couple household is a household that comprises a married-couple family and no other person. This definition is used in most results from the 2011 Census.
Mean age is calculated by dividing the sum of each person’s age by the number of people. Ages are the age at last birthday, at 27 March 2011 (in whole years).
The median age is the middle value when all the ages are arranged in order from youngest to oldest. Ages used are the age at last birthday, at 27 March 2011 (in whole years).Back to top
A person’s national identity is a self-determined assessment of their own identity with respect to the country or countries with which they feel an affiliation. This assessment of identity is not dependent on legal nationality or ethnic group.
The national identity question included six tick box responses - one for each of the four parts of the UK (English, Welsh, Scottish, and Northern Irish), one for British, and one for 'Other'. Where a person ticked 'Other' they were asked to write in the name of the country. People were asked to tick all options that they felt applied to them. This means that in results relating to national identity people may be classified with a single national identity or a combination of identities.
British identity excludes responses indicating an identity related to the British Virgin Islands and British Overseas Territories.Back to top
A person's occupation relates to their main job and is derived from either their job title or details of the activities involved in their job. This is used to assign responses to an occupation code based on the Standard Occupational Classification 2010(see definition below).
An output area is the lowest level of geography for publishing statistics, and is the core geography from which statistics for other geographies are built. Output areas were created for England and Wales from the 2001 Census data, by grouping a number of households and populations together so that each output area's population is roughly the same. 175,434 output areas were created from the 2001 Census data, each containing a minimum of 100 persons with an average of 300 persons.
By using these output areas as containers for statistics, they are comparable in terms of population size. Output areas have a minimum number of persons (100) and households (40) to ensure that confidentiality of the individual or of a household is protected. If the country was divided into equal containers based on size of the area - for example grid squares - there would be a large variation in the population size. A grid square in a city could have 2,000 households, whereas in a rural area it could have one household.Back to top
Parishes are subdivisions of local authorities in many parts of England. Parish councils are the most local level of government. Unlike electoral wards/divisions, parishes are not found in all parts of England.
Part-time working is defined as working 30 hours or less per week. This applies to the number of hours a person aged 16 to 74 in employment in the week before the census worked in their main job, and includes paid and unpaid overtime.
For the 2011 Census a person’s place of usual residence is generally the address in the UK at which they spend the majority of time. For most people this means their permanent or family home. The census counted someone as usually resident at their permanent or family home if, on 27 March 2011:
In addition to people present at their permanent or family home, the 2011 Census counted someone as usually resident at an address if on 27 March:
Someone was not counted as usually resident at an address if, on 27 March 2011:
Further clarification is applicable to the definition of place of usual residence certain population subgroups:
Additionally, the following clarification applies to armed forces personnel with specific circumstances:
People with a second address, for example those working away from home and other people with two or more addresses, were counted as usually resident at their permanent or family home even if the majority of their time is spent at another address. This includes people who spent time at a second address outside of the UK, but only if they intended to remain outside the UK for less than 12 months in total (except armed forces deployed on operations).
Children with parents who live apart and spend part of their time living with each parent were advised to be counted as usually resident at the address at which the child spent the majority of their time. If the child spent time equally living with each parent then they were advised to be counted as usually resident at the address where they were staying overnight on 27 March 2011.
For people living in communal establishments who had already spent or expected to spend six months or more in a communal establishment, for example, a care home, hospital or hostel, their place of usual residence was that communal establishment. Otherwise their place of usual residence was at their UK home address and the person was classified as a visitor to the communal establishment. (See Communal establishment resident for further clarification).
Place of usual residence for people in prison applies to sentenced prisoners in a similar way as others in communal establishments, based upon the length of their sentence. This means that;
Population density is the number of usual residents per hectare. A hectare is the metric unit of area defined as 10,000 square metres or approximately 2.47 acres. Population density for each area is calculated using aggregations of the area measurements (to two decimal places) for each output area that has been best-fitted to each higher area.Back to top
The qualifications classification counts all of the academic or vocational/professional qualifications that a person has obtained, for example A Levels, Diploma, Apprenticeship, nursing or accountancy qualifications. People were asked to tick all of the categories applicable to their qualifications. People were also asked if they held foreign qualifications and to indicate the closest equivalent qualifications from the other categories listed. People who did this are counted in both the 'foreign qualifications' category and any other applicable category equivalent to their foreign qualifications.Back to top
A same-sex civil partnership couple household is a household that comprises a same-sex civil partnership couple family and no other person.
Same-sex couples are two people of the same sex who live together as a couple. This includes people who are currently or formerly in a registered same-sex civil partnership and those living in a cohabiting same-sex couple.
Couples of the same sex who are not in a registered same-sex civil partnership are generally included in census results in categories relating to cohabiting couple families.
Schoolchildren and students in full-time education studying away from their family home are treated as usually resident at their term-time address. Basic demographic information only (name, sex, age, marital status and relationship) is collected at their non term-time address (their ‘home’ or ‘vacation’ address).
The information on families, household size and household composition for their non term-time address does not include them.
Self-employed people aged 16 to 74 own and operate their own business, professional practice or similar enterprise, including those operated with a partner. This relates to a person’s main job or, if not working at the time of the census, their last main job.
This can include people who work freelance, which means someone who is self-employed and works (or worked) for different companies on particular pieces of work.
Self-employed people who are not freelance can have employees who work for them.
The Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) is a common classification of occupational information for the United Kingdom.
Within the context of the classification jobs are classified in terms of their skill level and skill content.
The table below shows the nine major groups of SOC, defined in terms of the general nature of the qualifications, training and experience associated with competent performance of tasks in the occupations classified within each major group.
|Major Group||General nature of qualifications, training and experience for occupations in the major group|
|1||Managers, directors and senior officials||A significant amount of knowledge and experience of the production processes and service requirements associated with the efficient functioning of organisations and businesses.|
|2||Professional occupations||A degree or equivalent qualification, with some occupations requiring postgraduate qualifications and/or a formal period of experience-related training.|
|3||Associate professional and technical occupations||An associated high-level vocational qualification, often involving a substantial period of full-time training or further study. Some additional task-related training is usually provided through a formal period of induction.|
|4||Administrative and secretarial occupations||A good standard of general education. Certain occupations will require further additional vocational training to a well-defined standard (e.g. office skills).|
|5||Skilled trades occupations||A substantial period of training, often provided by means of a work based training programme.|
|6||Caring, leisure and other service occupations||A good standard of general education. Certain occupations will require further additional vocational training, often provided by means of a work-based training programme.|
|7||Sales and customer service occupations||A general education and a programme of work-based training related to Sales procedures. Some occupations require additional specific technical knowledge but are included in this major group because the primary task involves selling.|
|8||Process, plant and machine operatives||The knowledge and experience necessary to operate vehicles and other mobile and stationary machinery, to operate and monitor industrial plant and equipment, to assemble products from component parts according to strict rules and procedures and subject assembled parts to routine tests. Most occupations in this major group will specify a minimum standard of competence for associated tasks and will have a related period of formal training.|
|9||Elementary occupations||Occupations classified at this level will usually require a minimum general level of education (that is, that which is acquired by the end of the period of compulsory education). Some occupations at this level will also have short periods of work-related training in areas such as health and safety, food hygiene, and customer service requirements.|
Groups 1, 2 and 3 are considered to be High Skill.
Groups 4, 5, 6 and 7 are considered to be Intermediate Skill.
Groups 8 and 9 are considered to be Low Skill.
Tenure provides information about whether a household rents or owns the accommodation that it occupies and, if rented, combines this with information about the type of landlord who owns or manages the accommodation.
Accommodation that is ‘owned’ includes accommodation that is either 'owned outright' or 'owned with a mortgage or loan'.
Accommodation that is ‘private rented’ includes accommodation that is rented from a private landlord or letting agency, employer of a household member, relative or friend of a household member, or other non-social rented accommodation.
Accommodation that is ‘social rented’ includes accommodation that is rented from a council or local authority, or from a registered social landlord, housing association, housing co-operative or charitable trust.Back to top
A person aged 16 to 74 is classified as unemployed if they are not in employment, are available to start work in the next two weeks, and either looked for work in the last four weeks or are waiting to start a new job.
The main population base for statistics from the 2011 Census is the usual resident population as at census day, 27 March 2011. Although the population base for enumeration included non-UK born short-term residents, this population is analysed separately and is not included in the main outputs from the 2011 Census. All statistics, unless specified, are produced using only usual residents of the UK.
For 2011 Census purposes, a usual resident of the UK is anyone who, on census day, was in the UK and had stayed or intended to stay in the UK for a period of 12 months or more, or had a permanent UK address and was outside the UK and intended to be outside the UK for less than 12 months.Back to top
Electoral areas represented by one or more local government councillors.